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World leaders react to Trump’s US election victory

World leaders including Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, British Prime Minister Theresa May, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi today congratulated Donald Trump on winning the US presidency.

Russia

Russian President Vladimir Putin has sent a telegram to Donald Trump congratulating him as the next US president.

In a brief statement Wednesday, the Kremlin said Putin expressed “his hope to work together for removing Russian-American relations from their crisis state.”

Putin also said he has “confidence that building a constructive dialogue between Moscow and Washington that is based on principles of equality, mutual respect and a real accounting each other’s positions, in the interests of our peoples and the world community.”

India

“Congratulations Donald Trump on being elected as the 45th US President.  We appreciate the friendship you have articulated towards India during your campaign. We look forward to working with you closely to take India-US bilateral ties to a new height,” Modi said in a message.

UK

Congratulating Trump, British Prime Minister Theresa May said Britain and the United States would remain “strong and close partners on trade, security and defence”.

“I would like to congratulate Donald Trump on being elected the next president of the United States, following a hard-fought campaign,” May said in a statement.

“Britain and the United States have an enduring and special relationship based on the values of freedom, democracy and enterprise. We are, and will remain, strong and close partners on trade, security and defence,” she said.

“I look forward to working with President-elect Donald Trump, building on these ties to ensure the security and prosperity of our nations in the years ahead.”

European Union

European Parliament President Martin Schulz said he hoped for a “rational cooperation” with Donald Trump as the next US president after a bitter political campaign.

“It will not be easy because during the election campaign we heard some elements of protectionism, also some worrying words about women, about minorities,” said Schulz, a German Social Democrat.

“But my experience is also that election campaigns are different from the real politics during a term of the president so I hope that we will get back to a rational cooperation.”

The election of Donald Trump as the United States’ 45th president will make work “harder” for the European Union, he added.

“It will be hard, harder than with previous administrations but he is the freely elected president,” Schulz said on Europe 1 radio.

“We must respect the future president of the United States (…) I hope we will find a slot to cooperate,” he said.

The Philippines

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte offered “warm congratulations” to US president-elect Donald Trump and looks forward to working with him to enhance relations, a Philippine minister said today.

Duterte, who has expressed outrage almost daily with the Obama administration and threatened repeatedly to end one of Washington’s most important Asian alliances, hailed the success of US democratic system and the American way of life, Presidential Communications Secretary Martin Andanar said in a statement.

Palestine

Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas’s office today called on US President-elect Donald Trump to work towards the establishment of a Palestinian state, with peace efforts with the Israelis long at a standstill.

“We are ready to deal with the elected president on the basis of a two-state solution and to establish a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders,” spokesman Nabil Abu Rudeina said, referring to the year when Israel occupied the West Bank.

Germany

German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen said on German television today that Republican Donald Trump’s move towards an unexpected victory in the US presidential election was a “huge shock”.

She told broadcaster ARD: “I think Trump knows that this was not a vote for him but rather against Washington, against the establishment.”

South Korea

South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se today said that he believed Donald Trump would maintain the current US policy of pressuring North Korea over its nuclear and missile tests, if he wins the presidential election.

 “Candidate Trump has expressed his clear position by saying after North Korea’s nuclear test that such provocation by the North is a direct threat to the United States,” Yun said.

China

China said it will work with the new US president to ensure the steady and sound development of bilateral ties. Foreign Ministry spokesman, Lu Kang, made the remarks today at a regular news briefing as Republican Donald Trump moved to the brink of winning the White House.

Turkey

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu congratulated Donald Trump on his victory in the US presidential election and said Ankara would strengthen its “trust-based relations and cooperation” with the United States. He made the comments on his Twitter account.

Turkey’s justice minister says a change of presidents in the United States won’t make a big difference to the “deep-rooted” relations between the two countries.  Bekiz Bozdag told the state-run Anadolu Agency on Wednesday: “in essence our relations are relations between two states and we hope that under the new presidential term the Turkish-U.S. relations will be much better. That is our expectation.”

Bozdag noted that Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump’s win came despite intense campaigning in favor of his rival Hillary Clinton.  “I saw an intense campaign for Hillary Clinton’s victory. Artists, sportsmen, all personalities worked for Clinton’s victory. But in elections, it is important to embrace the people,” Bozdag said. “No one has won elections through newspaper headlines, opinion polls or television (campaigns).”

Japan

Japan is sending a top official to Washington to try to meet with those who will be responsible for the next White House administration.

Katsuyuki Kawai, a political aide to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in charge of diplomacy, told reporters after meeting with Abe that he had been instructed to visit Washington as early as next week.

Abe’s instruction came when results showed Republican candidate Donald Trump with a clear lead. Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said it was not because Japan was unprepared for Trump’s win.

He said: “We have been preparing so that we can respond to any situation because our stance is that our alliance with the US remains to be the cornerstone of our diplomacy whoever becomes the next president.”

France

French president François Hollande said Trump’s win “opens up a period of uncertainty”. The result showed that France must be stronger, and Europe more united, he added.

He said that “Europe should be united and capable of making itself heard and of promoting policies wherever its interests or its values are challenged.”

He wonders if Trump’s positions were compatible with “the values and interests that we share with the United States.”

France’s far-right National Front party leader Marine Le Pen congratulated Donald Trump today as he looked set for a shock victory in the US presidential election.

“Congratulations to the new president of the United States Donald Trump and to the free American people!” she said on Twitter.

Opinion polls show Le Pen likely to win the first round of French presidential elections next year, but lose in the second round to whoever should be her opponent.

Her father, party founder Jean-Marie Le Pen who reached the second round of French presidential elections in 2002, added his voice.

“Today the United States, tomorrow France,” he tweeted, while National Front deputy leader Florian Philippot followed up with a tweet saying “their world is crumbling. Ours is building.”

France’s National Front has been building support for its anti-immigration, anti-European Union stance in recent years.

US Republican nominee Trump was edging closer to winning the White House with a series of shock wins in key states such as Florida and Ohio, rattling world markets that had expected Democrat Hillary Clinton to defeat the political outsider.

Spain

Spanish reaction to Trump’s victory has been mixed. The country’s Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy congratulated the new president on his victory and vowed to work with him to strengthen Spain’s relationship with an “indispensable ally”.

Spain’s foreign ministry said it was confident that the new era of bilateral relations would serve to “reinforce and consolidate” Spain’s partnership with the US and “deepen the friendship between our countries and peoples”.

But Pablo Iglesias, leader of the anti-austerity Podemos party was less welcoming. Above a picture of the famous black power salute at the 1968 Olympics and an emoji of a clenched fist, he tweeted: “The vaccine against Trump’s fascism is social justice and human rights, not more establishment. There are people in the US who will resist.”

Sweden

Sweden’s former Prime Minister Carl Bildt said 2016 was the year of “double disaster” for the west. He tweeted: “At least Richard Nixon had a solid understanding of world affairs. Manoeuvred skilfully. But morally corrupt. And collapsed in disgrace.”

Israel

The news was met with jubilation by rightwing politicians in Israel, including the country’s education minister Naftali Bennett, who declared that Trump’s victory meant “the era of a Palestinian state is over”.

“Trump’s victory is an opportunity for Israel to immediately retract the notion of a Palestinian state in the centre of the country, which would hurt our security and just cause. This is the position of the president-elect, as written in his platform, and it should be our policy, plain and simple.”

Trump is popular among the Israeli rightwing not least for having said that one of his first acts would be to reverse years of American government policy and move the US embassy to Jerusalem.

Commenting explicitly on that promise, Jerusalem’s mayor Nir Barkat congratulated Trump as a “devoted supporter of Jerusalem”, adding that he expected the Trump to move the US embassy to the capital. “I am full of hope for your support for our activities for building in and developing Jerusalem for all her residents, and I invite you to visit the capital of Israel.”

Iran

The first official reaction from Iran came from the country’s atomic energy agency. A spokesman from the organisation was quoted by the semi-official Tasnim news agency as saying that Tehran would continue abiding by last year’s landmark nuclear deal.

Behrouz Kamalvandi said: “Iran is prepared for all kind of change” and that the country “would continue implementing the Barjam,” (the Iranain acronym for the nuclear accord).

Tasnim, which is affiliated to the elite Iranian Revolutionary Guards, saw Donald Trump’s win as a vindication of the Iranian supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who said last week that the American businessman appeared to be the one saying the truth about the state of affairs in the US.

Referring to Trump, Khamenei said last week: “What is interesting is that the person who spoke more candidly attracted more attention from the people of America. Because that man spoke more candidly and more openly, the people of America paid more attention to him.”

“The other party [Clinton’s camp] said that he is adopting a populist method. Why populist? It is because the people were watching him and they saw that what he was saying was correct. They saw it in the realities of their life. Human values have been annihilated and trampled upon in that country. There is racial discrimination in that country.”

Fouad Izadi, a political analyst sympathetic to the conservative camp in Iran, said Trump’s presidency would be better for Iran than that of Clinton’s. “The only advantage of having Trump over Clinton in regards to Iran is that he would have much more difficulties in bringing together the international community in order to make obstacles for Iran,” he told Tasnim. Analysts such as Izadi think that much of pressure on Iran in the past was because Obama had managed to persuade the US’s European allies to rally behind Washington in imposing sanctions on Iran. They think Trump lacks the credibility to do so in case the nuclear deal falls apart.”

Argentina

Argentina’s Foreign Minister Susana Malcorra said a Trump win would stall moves to improve relations between the countries due to the “more closed, isolationist and xenophobic” model he represented.

President Mauricio Macri has pursued closer ties between Argentina and the US.

Malcorra told Argentine television channel Todo Noticias that the conservative government of Maurico Macri had opened a new phase of cooperation and trade with Washington after years of strained relations under former president Cristina Fernandez. But there would be a “big stop” in this process if Trump won.

Mexico

Mexico’s former presidential candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador called for calm. In a video on Facebook he said Mexico was “a free, independent, sovereign country”. “It is not a colony, it is not a protectorate, it does not depend on any foreign government.”

Japan

Japan, a key US ally, said it would work closely with Donald Trump to ensure stability in the Asia-Pacific region.

“There is no change to the fact that the Japan-US alliance is the cornerstone of Japanese diplomacy, and Japan will cooperate closely with the US for peace and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region and the world,” the chief cabinet secretary, Yoshihide Suga, told reporters shortly before Trump was confirmed as president-elect.

Katsuyuki Kawai, an aide to the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said he was planning to fly to Washington to meet Trump officials as early as next week.

Officials in Tokyo denied that Abe had decided to send Kawai to the US because Japan had failed to prepare for a Trump victory.

“We have been preparing to respond to any situation, because our stance is that our alliance with the US remains the cornerstone of our diplomacy, whoever becomes the next president,” Suga said.

Pakistan

Pakistan’s former president and army chief Pervez Musharraf congratulated Trump on “his historic election”. Writing on Facebook, he said the president-elect “should not quit from Afghanistan”, the country where some US and international forces remain in place.

“I hope he will focus keenly to bring peace and stability around the world and demonstrate deliberate leadership in resolving the conflicts in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent,” he wrote. “We must trust and work together to crush terrorism and eliminate extremism from a position of strength.”

Malaysia

Prime Minister Najib Razak – embroiled in a corruption scandal at home that is being investigated in the United States – has sent a very admiring congratulatory message.

“Mr Trump’s success shows that politicians should never take voters for granted. Opinion polls, and established political figures, all underestimated the strength of his support. His appeal to Americans who have been left behind – those who want to see their government more focused on their interests and welfare, and less embroiled in foreign interventions that proved to be against US interests – have won Mr Trump the White House.

He added the US and Malaysia “are firm allies in the worldwide fight against terrorism and extremism.”

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